Elijah Tindall1 (M)
b. 1734/35, d. after 1783
Appears on charts:
Descendant Chart for Rev. John Tindall
Elijah Tindall was born in 1734/35 at Somerset County, Maryland; area later in Sussex County, Delaware.2
He was the son of Charles Tindall and Sarah Hearne.
Elijah Tindall married (?) (?) before 1755.3
Elijah Tindall died after 1783 at Dagsboro Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware; Alt: Worcester County, Maryland.
His father's will of January/February 1761 left him two tracts of land, "Choice" of 100 acres and "The Stones" of 50 acres.3
By 1767, Elijah had sold "The Stones" to the Deep Creek Furnace and Nanticoke Forge, an iron manufacturer owned by a group of businessmen from Pennsylvania, who bought it for the "large quantitiy of ore" it contained. John Tindall also sold some of his land to the Deep Creek Furnance, including "50 a. of woodland in Worcester" and "50 a. in Worcester called "Venture" and a tract of 85 a. in Sussex Co".4
The ore in this case would have been bog iron, or limonite, which is created from the interaction of decaying vegetation and iron-rich clay in the slow moving waters of woodland streams and bogs. The bog iron ore was mined with spades from the banks of streams. It was first discovered in Maryland in 1608 by Captain John Smith.5
Gradually, the economy of Worcester County was changing. By 1758, there were eight furnaces and ten forges in Maryland. Iron and lumber began to replace tobacco as the main exports. The trend continued through the 1830's, when a major iron furnance, the Nassawango, was built in Snow Hill, Worcester County. Bog iron was the main source of iron in the United States until the discovery of iron ore and coal in Pennsylvania in the 1840's.6
Elijah Tindall is listed in the Maryland Assessment of 1783 for Worcester County as owning three tracts in the vicintiy of the Acquango Branch: "Discovery" of 50 acres, "Liberty" of 50 acres, and "Chance Increased" of 50 acres. This implies he was still living then.7
- Children of Elijah Tindall and (?) (?):
- Ann Tindall
John Tindall+ b. c 1755, d. 1784
- [S1] Pauline Manning Batchelder, Somerset Sampler, 265, 266.
- [S1] Pauline Manning Batchelder, Somerset Sampler, 265.
- [S1] Pauline Manning Batchelder, Somerset Sampler, 266.
- [S3] James A. McAllister Jr., Land Records of Dorchester County, Maryland.
- [S4] Origin of the Iron Industry in Maryland, online http://www.gluie.umd.edu/~lfsxdth/ironores/pages/origin.html>.
- [S5] Worcester History, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~mdworces/county.html.
- [S6] Maryland Assessment of 1783 for Worcester County, online http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/msa/stagser/s1400/s1437/html/1437wo.html, 9.